Baritú National Park is located northwest of Salta, on the border with Bolivia. Its area is 72,439 hectares that belong to the Selva de las Yungas ecoregion.
It was created on April 27, 1974, by law 20,656. From San Ramón de la Nueva Orán (Salta), by RN 50 to Aguas Blancas and the border with Bolivia. After the immigration and customs procedures, it is followed within Bolivian territory by a winding and picturesque section of the Pan-American Route to La Mamora. Shortly before this border population, a bridge over the Bermejo River allows Argentina to re-enter and, through the busy RP 19, reach Los Toldos. This town houses the office of the Baritú National Park, whose manager also manages the El Nogalar de los Toldos National Reserve, and is located 27 kilometers from the entrance (by Av. Sandalio Quispe). You can take a taxi or micro Orán –Aguas Blancas, from there shared taxi or micro to the diversion to the Bridge towards Toldos. From there walk 20km, wait for someone to pass by van, car or motorcycle taxi. There are no public or private transport services.
Sites to visit and activities
For those who choose to camp and explore, the option is to do it on foot and there is the possibility of renting horses to the members of the Original Community.
From the entrance to the National Park, you can continue along Provincial Route 19 to the Baritú Community, crossing the enabled trails: El Molejón, Lipeo - Abra de Minas - Baritú, El Cedral and Baritú - Los Helechos
The Park does not have infrastructure, only a rugged campsite.
The nearby town of Los Toldos has 3 cabins complexes and several family lodgings, 2 dining rooms and possibility to make meals by request.
There is no possibility of loading fuel in Los Toldos. It is recommended to load in Oran.
The Park is installed on the Sierras Subandinas de Salta, with heights between 1800 and 2000 meters. Both valleys and peaks are upholstered by a lush, typically jungle-like plant composition. Exceeding 1,400 meters, the jungle loses biodiversity and acquires the character of forest.
Tropical mountain with dry season. The average temperature is 24ºC in summer (maximum 35ºC) and 14ºC in winter (minimum below zero). The rains reach 2000 mm annually. The visiting season is concentrated between April and December, due to the type of road and the rains.
Flora and fauna
Among the flora that lives in this natural heritage, there are typical species of the jungle ecosystem such as vines and vines that, seeking light, successfully compete with the tallest trees, resting on their branches.
Another typical aspect of the environment is the quantity and diversity of epiphytes that adhere to the bark of the trunks such as shelf fungi, orchids, air carnations.
The tree community gathers many species that vary according to height levels, from the valleys to the ridges of the mountains. In the lower levels appear the jacaranda, the peteribí, the viraró and the quina. A special inhabitant, due to its behavior, is the maroma, whose seed germinates on the tree branch, expands and lengthens its roots to the ground and then develops its trunk and branches by wrapping and drowning the specimen that gave it support. In the intermediate areas of the slopes up to around 1400 meters, there are the Salta cedars, the yellow lapacho, the horco-molle, the Creole walnut and others. Above this altitude the forest character of the environment shows species such as the coniferous pine of the hill, the alder and the walnut.
The fauna is very varied and species such as the monkey fell, the river wolf, the ocelot or cat ounce, the tapir, the yaguareté, which not only integrate our native fauna but also appear in the lists of endangered species .
In better conditions are other mammals, such as the puma, the ferret, the peccary, the mayuato or teddy bear, the corzuela, the tapir, on the margins of water courses the capybara and many others.
Baritú also houses birds of outstanding size such as the condor and the red-headed and black-headed jote. The large toucan, variety of hummingbirds, parrots and magpies are characteristic. In the Park area there are species such as the peregrine falcon and the widow eagle.
Also around and around water sources, there are several species of toads and the remarkable marsupial frog, which carries its eggs in a dorsal fold similar to that of the kangaroo.